Textbook Definition: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances. 

Modern Day Translation: A law can't place limitations on religion, free speech, or the press. It also can't prevent people from getting together, or "assembling", peacefully (something which is typically done in support of a cause or in order to make a statement). 

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